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Social and Historic Context

  • May 9, 1986. The Liberal government of Robert Bourassa presents his 'minimum' conditions for Québec to accept possible constitutional offers from the federal government and other provinces.
  • August 18, 1986. Bombardier announces the acquisition of Canadair, the main Canadian airline, for $120 million. The transaction is completed in December.
  • November 1, 1987. Former Premier of Quebec, René Lévesque, dies of a heart attack.
  • January 2, 1988. The Canadian and American governments sign a free trade agreement.
  • August 10, 1990. The Conservative government of Brian Mulroney agrees to send three Canadian warships to the Persian Gulf in support of the international effort to contain Iraqi aggression in Kuwait.
  • August 1997. At the end of 1997, it is announced that the Institut Armand-Frappier (IAF) will be attached to the Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS), two divisions of the Université du Québec. The IAF was the origin of BioChem Pharma.
  • March 26, 1999. Thanks to cell transfer technology, researchers in Quebec manage to produce three cloned goats. It is a world first.
  • May 27, 1999. At Cap Canaveral, the shuttle Discovery leaves Earth with six astronauts aboard, among them Quebecer Julie Payette.
  • Bug dreaded with the transition from December 31, 1999 to January 1, 2000.
  • November 15, 2001. Researchers in Ottawa announce an important discovery leading to the hope that one day it will be possible to eradicate the HIV virus.
  • March 26, 2002. Université Laval establishes the first chair of studies on alternative medicine in Canada.
  • June 28, 2005. Members of Parliament vote 158 to 133 in favour of Bill C-38, that will make Canada the third country after Belgium and the Netherlands to recognize same sex marriages.