The Light Years
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|[Title] The light years|
|Yannick Villedieu: Hello, this is Yannick Villedieu of the team. Welcome to this March 2, 1007 edition of Light Years.|
|Today, we are doing to discuss Dolly and cloning, but Johanne Arcan and I are also going to talk about a very, very beautiful visitor.|
|Johanne Arcan: Yes, the Albop comet is fast approaching Earth and it is already being termed the comet of 1997.|
|And conversely, regarding the infinitely small, German physicists have perhaps identified a new particle, the leptoquark.|
|YV: And so Marc Bourgault, you also have something to offer regarding the infinitely small?|
|Marc: Yes, the National Research Council of Canada has just been entered into the Guinness Book of Records. Two scientists have perfected the smallest ruler ever to exist.|
|YV: The nano...
M and YV: ruler.
|YV: But for starters, here is a story about sheep, sheep, sheep, sheep, sheep, sheep, sheep.
|YV: Well yes. The news has travelled the world and made headlines in all the newspapers. It has also figured prominently in radio and television bulletins.|
|You have heard a lot about it. You have probably even discussed it with friends and colleagues,|
|but all the same, we are going to discuss it on this show because it is unavoidable,|
|because with the cloning of an adult sheep by a team of British researchers, one step, one huge step forward has been made in animal reproduction.|
|Details were made public, on Thursday, in the very prestigious and serious Nature science journal, but many view this step forward as very troubling.|
|In all the newspapers and on radio and television, one question immediately comes to people's minds: and if it were to be done to humans?|
|So, we will be discussing humans shortly and cloning's potential outreach to humans,|
|but for the moment, let us consider what has been done and published by researchers in Edinburgh, Scotland, that concerns one species: the sheep.|
|My first guest is a reproduction researcher. Among other things, he has participated as a biologist in the in vitro human fertilization program at his hospital, the CHUL, in Québec.|
|His name is Raymond Lambert. He is also a member of the Universal Movement for Scientific Responsibility.|
|Dr. Raymond Lambert, this new step forward in animal reproduction: would you qualify it as progress, a revolution, a precedent?|
|Raymond Lambert: Well! It is progress, a revolution and a precedent. The three terms are exact.
|RL: Well, it is progress, because technology will allow us to reproduce farm animals of great value, meaning genetic and productive potential, with a certain ease.|